CRC provides two phosphate coating: Manganese and Zinc. Phosphate coatings are used on steel parts for corrosion resistance, lubricity, or as a foundation for subsequent coatings or painting. It serves as a conversion coating in which a dilute solution of phosphoric acid and phosphate salts are applied via immersion and chemically reacts with the surface of the part being coated to form a layer of insoluble, crystalline phosphates.
Manganese phosphates are used for corrosion resistance, anti-galling, and lubricity and are applied only by immersion. Of the numerous phosphate coatings available, manganese phosphate coatings are the hardest, while providing unbeatable corrosion and abrasion protection. In comparison to zinc phosphate coatings, manganese phosphate coatings offer continued wear protection after the breaking in of components that are subject to wear. Uses for manganese phosphate applications include the production of bearings, bushings, fasteners and other common industrial products. Use of manganese phosphate is especially useful in projects that require sliding of parts, such as automotive engines and transmission systems
Zinc phosphate coatings are frequently used in conjunction with sodium stearate (soap) to form a lubrication layer in cold and hot forging. The sodium stearate reacts with the phosphate crystal which in turn is strongly bonded to the metal surface. The reacted soap layer then forms a base for additional unreacted soap to be deposited on top of so that a thick three-part coating of zinc phosphate, reacted soap and unreacted soap is built up. The resulting coating remains adhered to the metal surface even under extreme deformation. The zinc phosphate is in fact abrasive, and it is the soap that performs the actual lubrication.
Applicable specifications for the phosphate process at CRC Surface Technologies are MIL-DTL-16232 Type M & Z.